When the central retina does not lie flat against the back of your eye, your vision may look wavy, or you may have trouble distinguishing details.
Your central vision may also be blurry or appear as a gray or cloudy area in your central vision.
With increasing age, the vitreous gel that fills the eye begins to shrink and condense. This results in the gel pulling away from it’s strong attachment to the center of the retina.
The gel pulling away is a natural process that usually occurs without any problems. However, sometimes a thin film of scar tissue can form that can result in wrinkling of the retina.
Other eye diseases can result in a macular pucker. These include:
Your ophthalmologist will use special lenses to examine the retina.
Special pictures called optical coherence tomography (OCT) aid in the diagnosis of a macular pucker. The OCT is a machine that non-invasively scans the back of your eye and provides microscopic images of the retina and macula. OCT scans can diagnose macular pucker as well as other retinal diseases.
If your symptoms are mild or you have no symptoms, then you might not need any treatment at all. Your ophthalmologist will recommend regular eye exams to monitor for any worsening over time. Eye drops, medicine, and laser surgery do not help if you have macular pucker.
If you are having significant symptoms that are affecting your daily life, then your retina surgeon may recommend a surgery called vitrectomy with membrane peel. Vitrectomy surgery is the removal of the vitreous gel with peeling of the scar tissue off the surface of the macula. This allows the wrinkle to flatten the macula, returning it to its proper position and orientation. Improvement in vision can take several months and despite surgery, your sight may not be quite as good as it was before macular pucker.
These risks include:
Your ophthalmologist will talk about these risks and how vitrectomy surgery may help you.
This may affect your central vision, causing blurriness, waviness, or distortion.
If symptoms are mild, treatment may not be necessary. Regular exams will be needed to monitor for any worsening.
If you have significant symptoms, you may need vitrectomy surgery to flatten the retina.
Retina: Layer of nerve cells lining the back wall inside the eye. This layer senses light and sends signals to the brain so you can see.
Vitreous: Clear, gel-like substance that fills the inside of your eye. The vitreous helps the eye maintain its shape and also transmits light to the retina.
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